General objective of the Human Resources Development Component is to support transition to a knowledge-based economy capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion. Institutional objective of this IPA component is to prepare candidate countries for European Social Fund within the framework of European Employment Strategy and Lisbon Strategy, and to establish suitable structures and systems for this Fund.

Ministry of Labour and Social Security is assigned as the responsible authority of this component. As a consequence of analyses conducted, four priorities (fields of intervention) besides technical assistance and ten measures (sub objectives) under these priorities are defined in the Human Resources Development Operational Programme (HRD OP) prepared by the Ministry. To be financially supported, operations and grant projects are required to be in line with the measures and the activities under these measures defined in HRD OP as well as their results are required to match the indicators defined for each measure. The budget of the HRD OP, including national contribution, is approximately 557,5 million Euros for 2007-2013 period.

List of Eligible NUTS II Priority 1 Regions
TR A2: Ağrı, Kars, Iğdır, Ardahan
TR B2: Van, Muş, Bitlis, Hakkari
TR C3: Mardin, Batman, Şırnak, Siirt
TR A1: Erzurum, Erzincan, Bayburt
TR C2: Şanlıurfa, Diyarbakır
TR C1: Gaziantep, Adıyaman, Kilis
TR 72: Kayseri, Sivas, Yozgat
TR 90: Trabzon, Ordu, Rize, Giresun, Artvin, Gümüşhane
TR B1: Malatya, Elazığ, Bingöl, Tunceli
TR 82: Kastamonu, Çankırı, Sinop
TR 83: Samsun, Tokat, Çorum, Amasya
TR 63: Hatay, Kahramanmaraş, Osmaniye

The revision process of the Human Resources Operational Programme which is planned to be implemented beginning from 2013 has initiated by relevant institutions under coordination of Ministry of Labour and Social Security in the end of 2011. The revision process is still ongoing.

List of Eligible NUTS II Priority 2 Regions
TR 10: İstanbul
TR 21: Tekirdağ, Edirne, Kırklareli
TR 22: Balıkesir, Çanakkale
TR 31: İzmir
TR 32: Aydın, Denizli, Muğla
TR 33: Manisa, Afyonkarahisar, Kütahya, Uşak
TR 41: Bursa, Eskişehir, Bilecik
TR 42: Kocaeli, Sakarya, Düzce, Bolu, Yalova
TR 51: Ankara
TR 52: Konya, Karaman
TR 61: Antalya, Isparta, Burdur
TR 62: Adana, Mersin

Primary target of HRD OP is to bring Turkey a more efficient labour market. In order to successfully achieve this target strengthening the link between education and employment and integrating disadvantaged persons to employment. Combining the HRD OP’s main objective with its primary targets; Employment, Education, Lifelong Learning, Social Inclusion and Technical Assistance were shaped as its priorities.

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